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The Deccan Traps are the geological formation that make up the Western Ghats in India. They were formed by massive volcanic eruptions that formed flood basalts. These are layers of lava that are extruded from fissures and spread over wide areas of relatively flat ground or over flat sea floor. The terracing is natural. Each of the layers that you see in the ...


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This is a tale of two three dimensional coordinate systems. You may need to take a bit of a side track if your students are not already familiar with the concepts of three dimensional coordinate systems, three dimensional vectors, the three dimensional dot and cross products, and transformations between coordinate systems. The image below portrays two such ...


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You need to take a look at lithology changes and stratification. On a fold the stratification is parallel to the fold, while on a transgressive-regressive cycle it crosses the v form. Source: Own work with Inkscape. At the field the best is to look up to lithology changes and define how is stratification spatially related with the main shape. You can easily ...


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