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There are lots of articles that assess global models both locally and globally. They usually focus on a few parameters that are easily comparable with observations (e.g., temperature, wind, surface pressure). A couple of examples of the many available: for ECMWF: Roberto Buizza, 1997: Potential Forecast Skill of Ensemble Prediction and Spread and Skill ...

9

No. One should not attempt to validate raw in situ measurements with reanalysis data. Reanalysis data contain partial information from observations, but are mostly model fields and are provided at very coarse resolution (~1$^\circ$ longitude). In situ measurements are subject to very local, small scale effects, and have different meaning from reanalysis. One ...

8

Many meteorological stations are assimilated into NOAA's reanalysis. You should be careful with this approach as the raw data you have might have been already included in the hindcast. The reanalysis includes the data in an statistical way. In general, the reanalysis does not match the data at any point, but tries to minimize the global difference between ...

3

Official meteorological stations should have well-calibrated thermometers. In any comparison between models and measurements, the measurements would be the reference, not the models. One way I can see to validate ground-based in-situ temperature measurements is by carrying an SI-traceable thermometer to all the sites. Unfortunately, you cannot do this ...

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