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Addressing is every volcano a mountain: Nope. Some are actually depressions called calderas, when they have erupted and the resulting emptying of the magma chamber caused the roof to collapse, or if they erupted only once, leaving behind a maar. Examples: Yellowstone, or Phlegrean fields are calderas, volcanic Eifel has "Maare" (German plural of Maar). ...


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I searched the mentioned earthquake, and if i understood it right it is attributed to a fault line formed by two laterally moving crustal units (a "normal fault"). Mount Kinabara itself is not to blame, though the earthquake triggered landslides as secondary effects at its steep flanks. I also found papers on the geological history of the area that offer ...


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Yes, there would have been seas of lava glowing in the night, but not as large as the lunar mare. The lunar mare were caused by asteroids punching through the then thin lunar crust and releasing a flood of magma from below, as well as producing some magma of their own from the heat of impact. There is no evidence of anything of that nature causing the ...


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