4 votes

Estimating meteorological visibility from air chemical and particulate composition

When you want to take into account as many contributing factors as possible, you will need a complete radiative transfer model, preferably a physics-based one (as opposed to fast radiative transfer ...
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4 votes

What kind of clouds did Joseph Kittinger see at 102,000 ft?

One possibility is nacreous clouds, very thin clouds likely made of water ice condensed on fine particles carried into the stratosphere. The reported altitude would be at the edge of the range quoted ...
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  • 2,363
3 votes

How do meteorologists accurately measure outdoor air temperature? There's sunlight, local trapping of air, radiant heat, precipitation

True air temperature may be an elusive quantity to measure but shielding thermometers and sensors from direct solar radiation has been the main approach for a long time. The best results are provided ...
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