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First off very few people are using Basemap from Matplotlib these days. From this link matplot basemap Basemap is deprecated in favor of the Cartopy project. See notes in Cartopy, New Management, and EoL Announcement for more details. So we are going to use cartopy in addition with matplotlib to plot the grib file that you have provided. Before I ...


9

It primarily has to do with the pattern on high and low pressure systems as they present themselves over the continent. In the southern hemisphere, high pressure systems rotate anticlockwise and low pressure systems rotate clockwise. Because the north of Australia is close to the equator, generally the north of Australia has a low pressure trough over it. ...


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Revised answer TL;DR After having just heard from two experts who actually work in this field(firestorms and dry lightning) in Australia I believe the lightning seen is what is known as "dry lightning" comes from isolated thunderstorms and sometimes storms associated with minor troughs and fronts that come through Australia and also originating from a ...


5

Well, the amount and intensity of wild fires are a direct outcome of global warming, that's not really news. According to this article that cites a work i can't find, until the mid of December 2019 the Australian fires emitted ~250million tons of carbon, ~50% of Australia's yearly production. A recovery in the coming decades is unlikely, because the ...


1

To add to the comprehensive answer on weather patterns, The weather and climate in Australia is affected by conditions in the oceans, particularly the equatorial Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. These drive the major weather systems and their interactions affect the patterns over the continents. Here are good, layperson, introductions to the main weather ...


1

Very unlikely, especially as the major industrial nations will come nowhere near to meeting their greenhouse gases emission targets. Major volcanic eruptions, like major earthquakes, are random and unpredictable. The last really big volcanic eruption we had was Tambora, on the Indonesian island of Sumbawa in 1815. That caused climate cooling for a few years, ...


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