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Questions tagged [coriolis]

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Does the Coriolis Effect affect a wind from East to West?

I'm studying meteorology for a pilot license and there I was taught as a rule of thumb that wind at higher altitudes is approximately turned 30° clockwise to the wind on the surface due to the ...
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0answers
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Rotation Rate and Wind-related Erosion

I was debating with a friend of mine on how the rotation rates of the Earth or any other planet in the Solar System might possibly affect the strength and frequency of cyclones or any wind-related ...
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2answers
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Coriolis effect discrepancy. How to deduce the direction of the effect?

From what I understand (please correct me if I'm wrong), the Earth rotates counterclockwise as viewed from the north pole. That means from the perspective of the equator to the north pole, it is ...
5
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1answer
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If a prevailing wind traveled due east in the Northern Hemisphere, would the Coriolis Effect act on the water?

I am in a Marine Environmental Science II class, and we are discussing the Ekman Spiral. As I understand, the Coriolis Effect does not occur when whatever is observed does not change latitude. So, if ...
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1answer
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How does the Coriolis effect affect rivers and estuaries

I'm quite confused about this since it is said to influence major currents in the sea the winds to the formation of gyres in the ocean and as well as influencing the weather at times due to the planet'...
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2answers
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If North America were in the southern hemisphere, would the mountains and high desert have to be -east- of Tornado Alley?

I've been trying to collate the reasons why Tornado Alley in North America is what it is. So far, I have the following: The continental landmass is in the mid-latitudes (where the polar jet has the ...
4
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1answer
110 views

Can Coriolis Effect cancel itself?

Say a plane moves from 40° North to 40° South, and the plane flies in straight line without considering the Coriolis effect. Will it still reach the destination. All I mean is whether the deflection ...
6
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1answer
420 views

ocean current frequency

In this paper by Muller and Garrett it is stated: It is a standard expectation that currents in the ocean interior with frequencies much less than the Coriolis frequency will lead to an Ekman ...
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0answers
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In the South Atlantic and South-Eastern Pacific regions in tropical latitudes, cyclone does not originate. What is the reason? [duplicate]

Update: Granted the question has been asked in different form; but the answer still escapes me. At one place I read that locations in question have low sea-surface temperature. At ...
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0answers
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What are black-hole ocean eddies?

How are they formed? Why are they so stable? What finally breaks them apart and what is their typical lifespan? Why are fluid particles trapped inside it and advected towards the center? How do they ...
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3answers
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Why does Coriolis determine the rotation direction of a cyclone but not my drain?

It is a common misconception that Coriolis is responsible for the direction the water swirls down a toilet, tub or sink drain. E.g. does a toilet flush the other way in the southern hemisphere? (If ...
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3answers
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coriolis force in atmospheric/ocean modeling

The Coriolis force is not a real force, but depending on the reference system and how it does refer to an inertial system. Could this Coriolis force as widely used in atmospheric/climate modeling be ...
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2answers
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Coriolis effect and Cyclones

The Coriolis force predicts that winds in the northern hemisphere should be deflected in a clockwise pattern and winds in the southern hemisphere should be deflected in an anti-clockwise pattern. Why ...
16
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1answer
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What do quasi-geostrophic and ageostrophic mean?

I know that geostrophic flow means straight wind flow that is balanced by the pressure gradient and Coriolis forces. But what do quasi-geostrophic and ageostrophic mean specifically?
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2answers
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Impossible or improbable? Hurricane crossing the equator

No known hurricane has ever crossed the equator. Hurricanes require the Coriolis force to develop and generally form at least 5° away from the equator since the Coriolis force is zero there. Are ...
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4answers
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Is there any simple way of using the Coriolis effect to determine what hemisphere you are in?

I have heard from many people that sinks do not empty in a particular pattern depending on what hemisphere you are in, but I have also heard from people who adamant that a sink of water would empty ...
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1answer
181 views

How do Kelvin waves determine surface temperature variations?

Kelvin waves are basically waves that balance out the Coriolis force against topographic boundaries like coastlines and mountains. It seems very important in the oceans, for example. My question is ...